Present tense: How to conjugate irregular verbs

In Spanish, irregular verbs in the present tense are composed of 4 general categories: total irregulars (ser, ir), vowel change irregulars (Sentir, poder, pedir, jugar), first person irregulars (Conocer, hacer) and mixed irregulars (Tener, venir).

The advantage is that they always follow the same rules, so the best way to learn irregular verbs is to place them in the corresponding categories.

Vowel change irregulars

They are called vowel change irregulars because they change vowels in their root. There are 4 subcategories: 1)e➡i 2)e➡ie 3)o-ue 4) u-ue.

First person irregulars

In these verbs only the first person (yo) is irregular, the other grammatical persons follow the same conjugation as a regular verb.

Mixed irregulars

Mixed irregular verbs share the characteristics of first person irregulars and vowel change irregulars.

Total irregulars

These verbs do not follow any rules, so they have to be learned by heart. The good thing is that there are only a few verbs that fall into this category.

Verbs ending in -UIR

For verbs whose infinitive ends in -uir we have to add a “y” before adding the corresponding ending.

All irregular verbs

Below we have activities to practice all the irregular verbs we have learned.

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